‡ TWO DOME-OF-THE-ROCK TILES, JERUSALEM, FIRST HALF 16TH CENTURY
glazed fritware, of hexagonal form, each painted in black with six-pointed palmette medallion under green tinted glaze, framed
16cm max. diam.
Provenance: Private European Collection. Acquired Sotheby's London, 15 October 2003, lot 47.
The ancient site of the Dome of the Rock became a mosque in Umayyad times, making it, along with the Great Mosque in Damascus, one of the earliest mosques in the Islamic world. Like the Damascus mosque, the original decoration was glass mosaic, much of which still survives in the interior. Soon after the Ottoman invasion in the sixteenth century, a major refurbishment was initiated by the Sultan, which involved bringing Persian craftsmen to clad the exterior of the building in glazed tiles, a widespread practice in Persia and Central Asia. Such is the harshness of the Jerusalem winters that the tiles had to be fixed with metal pegs as well as mortar and the sockets for these pegs are visible on these two tiles. For the location of related tiles on the exterior of the Dome of the Rock, see Said Nuseibeh and Oleg Grabar: The Dome of the Rock, London 1996, frontispiece and pp. 154-5.
£1500 - 2000 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.